1.Acid rain - The effects of acid rain are most clearly seen in environments, such as rivers, lakes, and ocean where it can be harmful to fish and other wildlife.
2.Oil spills - When an oil slick from a large oil spill reaches the beach, the oil coats and clings to every rock and grain of sand. If the oil washes into coastal marshes, mangrove forests or other wetlands, fibrous plants and grasses absorb the oil, which can damage the plants and make the whole area unsuitable as wildlife habitat.
3.Air pollutions - Air pollution can harm us when it accumulates in the air in high enough concentrations.
Millions of Americans live in areas where urban smog, particle pollution, and toxic
pollutants pose serious health concerns.
rainfall made sufficiently acidic by atmospheric pollution that it causes environmental harm, typically to forests and lakes. The main cause is the industrial burning of coal and other fossil fuels, the waste gases from which contain sulfur and nitrogen oxides, which combine with atmospheric water to form acids.
Acid rain is caused by a chemical reaction that begins when compounds like sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxides are released into the air. These substances can rise very high into the atmosphere, where they mix and react with water, oxygen, and other chemicals to form more acidic pollutants, known as acid rain.
Acid rain has many ecological effects, but none is greater than its impact on lakes, streams, wetlands, and other aquatic environments. Acid rain makes watersacidic and causes them to absorb the aluminum that makes its way from soil into lakes and streams.
Cure Because nitrogen oxides are created in the process of burning coal and other fossil fuels, some power plants are changing the way they burn coal. A great way to reduceacid rain is to produce energy without using fossil fuels. Instead, people can use renewable energy sources, such as solar and wind power.